As you can see a turtle will usually lay a minimum of 30 eggs per year and a maximum of around 150. If the turtle had more space inside to hold the egg, it would be able to lay more eggs, of the exact same quality, or even of a better quality. Salmonella bacteria cause salmonellosis in humans, a gastrointestinal disorder that can lead to fever, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and sometimes vomiting. Feed hatchlings and juveniles every day and adult sliders every other day. He manages several websites and has a goal of getting everyone the best and most accurate information to help them with their turtle & tortoise care. And the fact that their environment can drastically change from a generation to another, doesn’t really help them achieve that perfect quality and quantity ratio. A filtration system will go a long way to helping to keep your water clean. First double-check the temperature of the water in your tank, then talk to your vet. So it’s better that they don’t stay around. A siphon is basically a hose that you can drain your tank with. The viewing opportunities provided by glass aquaria and their ready availability at pet stores are probably why they are the most popular containers for housing red-eared sliders. I woke this morning to find bits of what looks to be egg shells inside my turtles aquarium. In general turtles survive by hiding and by making themselves hard to notice. Soft spots on the shell could indicate shell rot. A pet slider can be a fascinating pet to watch, and while they might not fetch the newspaper, they will beg for food. The gestation period of the turtles lasts about three months, but this is quite variable. In all cases, carefully screen any potential adopter, making certain that they fully understand the responsibilities involved and are ready to look after your pet. Use of a GFCI helps to prevent you from electrical shock by shutting off the electrical circuit when the interrupter detects a power leak. So let’s take a look at what makes Red Eared Sliders lay so few eggs, and only 3 or 5 times a year. When approached, they should jump into the water from their basking site. A slider that has been provided with ample room to live and swim freely will behave much differently than a slider that has been deprived of this basic need. If your water is looking grimy, you should change it. Gravid turtles often bask for longer than normal, although this can be difficult to appreciate through casual observation. You connect the siphon to a bucket or drain it through a window. Amphibians and reptiles, such as turtles, are frequent carriers of the Salmonella bacteria. Such injuries can occur anywhere on your turtle’s body. Slider keepers also sometimes house their turtles in livestock water troughs, known as stock tanks, made of galvanized steel or plastic. Place it under a reflector-type light fixture (heating and lighting is discussed in the following section). You can be as creative or as utilitarian as you’d like, so long as the basking site is easy to access and won’t scrape your turtle’s shell. No, in general turtles don’t take care of their babies or their eggs. Plastic tanks, on the other hand, do not require lining. Besides providing your turtle with heat and light, the light from a UVB bulb will help your turtle to synthesize vitamin D3, which it would otherwise receive from the sun. Instead, simply place your turtle inside a small shoebox or plastic container that has been lined with a slightly wet material, such as dampened paper towels or shredded newspaper. Fish and Wildlife Service Northeast Region on Flickr. Beyond these, you should also have a way to monitor the conditions in your tank. Unattractive as this may seem, it may be a more economical way to customize your design. Finally, storage totes, while sometimes used, are not recommended because they typically are not sturdy enough to hold large volumes of water and can melt when heated by heat lamps. If your turtle cracks its shell, you can temporarily rinse the shell with saline and apply povidone iodine. A turtle might also become trapped underwater by rocks that have somehow been knocked loose. Is their water relatively clean? Except for places along the shoreline where they like to bask in the sun, red-eared sliders have little need for land. This can leave to serious health problems. In the wild, nature keeps the water clean, but in a home aquarium, the responsibility will be yours. They might even buy it back from you. It can result from scratches to the shell, such as from basking site rocks, or due to improper husbandry conditions that have weakened your turtle’s immune system. Once the 6-week to 8-week period is over, you can return them to normal temperatures. Sharps rocks can scrape turtle shells, which can lead to infections. Theoretically there is a perfect egg size for every species, including red eared slider turtles, but it will take a lot of time for each species to get there. Young hatchlings, while cute, are generally less hardy than sliders who’ve had more time to mature. Keep the temperature of the water between 76 to 84 F and the basking site between 82 to 88 F. If the temperature becomes either too high or too low, simply adjust the wattage of the bulb or the height of the light fixture. Are they being sold with other exotic species? In terms of the tank size, if you have a baby hatchling, you might need only a 10-gallon tank to start. This is by no means a small amount of eggs, but compared to other turtle species that can lay up to 1000 eggs per year, the 150 seems quite insignificant. Less often, a lack of vitamin A in your turtle’s diet will result in a condition known as hypovitaminosis A. With mechanical filtration, the largest pieces of debris are simply filtered out. So basically every female red eared slider turtle needs to have at least 2 babies that will become adults. Injuries that go untreated can result in abscesses that are filled with a semisolid discharged called caseous. Sliders cannot eat fireflies, chocolate, avocados, or onions. The female will lay eggs from spring to summer. Finally, be mindful of the temperature you will be traveling home in. While a closed wound is fine, an open wound may require the attention of a vet. Even if red eared slider turtles don’t stay around and guard their eggs, they still do their best to protect them. Red-eared sliders are opportunistic omnivores. Basking sites are located at the water line, for easy access, and should leave no less than 2/3 to 3/4 of the available space in the aquarium for water. Some box turtles have even lived more than 100 years. Check with your local humane society as well. Next, gently pull one of its legs. Pet sliders should be fed a similar diet. (Some have been reported to live into their sixties!) You should also strongly consider connecting your electrical appliances to a ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). If you find one that does not go away within several days, you may want to see a vet. My female Red Eared Slider, as far as I'm guessing, is gravid. If you do provide your own stand, be sure to design it to withstand the weight of the aquarium when full. Once you’ve determined that you actually have what you need to care for your turtle properly, and made certain that a responsible adult will be involved with its care (a turtle’s care should not be left entirely to a child without proper supervision), you should finally conduct a simple physical examination of the turtle you wish to buy. If she is gravid, you may be able to feel the sides or ends of the eggs. Young children are at greater risk of developing complications from Salmonella infections because their immune systems are not fully mature, and they’re also more likely to put their hands in their mouths. Consider using a nontoxic epoxy or aquarium sealant to secure any rocks in place. The buildup of algae on your turtle’s shell can hide injuries or infections that may need to be addressed quickly. To put this into perspective, an aquarium that is 12-inches deep and 20-inches tall would need to be roughly 48-inches wide to hold 55 gallons of water. 8. Basking allows the turtle to raise its core body temperature (remember that they are reptiles), which is essential for its digestion, metabolism, immune function, and shell health. Make sure you keep her warm (80-86 degrees Fahrenheit), damp, and disturb her as little as possible. When buying one, be certain that you are buying an aquarium, which is designed to hold large volumes of water, and not a lighter weight terrarium. On the other hand if the eggs are too big, then it’s just wasteful. However, due to a loophole in the law, which allows for the sale of turtles for “bona fide scientific, educational, or exhibition purposes, other than use as pets,” this practice is somewhat common. The simplest types include either a smooth rock (partially submerged) or a float made of natural cork bark. Red Eared Sliders are one of the most widespread turtle species in the world. Retained eggs can break, damaging a turtle's insides and requiring surgery. If you do not provide a suitable nesting location, she is likely to release a few eggs into the water. Female sliders mature around four and one-half years old. Typically, those living in the southern end of their range, where temperatures are warmer, emerge from hibernation earlier, which allows them to breed sooner; the opposite trend occurs for those populations living at northern latitudes. For instance, you can take your turtle back to the pet store you bought it from. The eggs are incubated by placing them on top of moistened vermiculite at 80 to 82 °F. On this site you will find articles that cover every basic thing that a turtle owner needs to know, as well as all the advanced stuff. It’s perhaps not surprising that, over time, some people find that they can longer care for their slider. Finally, check with family and friends. Red-Eared Sliders. In a lifetime, a female turtle may lay 1900 to 2300 eggs. For instance, are the turtles overcrowded? Stock tanks are available at farm supply, home supply, and pet supply stores. At first this doesn’t seem like the best idea, afterall why would you have fewer babies if you want to have as many as possible. However, where red-eared slider turtles are not native, it may still be legal to collect them as pets. Shell rot is caused by infection of your turtle’s shell by both fungal and bacterial organisms. I own two box turtles that are pretty active during the day, but sometimes when night comes and I turn the lights off, they suddenly start to be full of energy. One female can lay up to five clutches in the same year and are usually spaced twelve to thirty-six days apart. link to How to Tell How Old a Box Turtle Is - The Best Methods, link to Are Box Turtles Nocturnal? Use an aquarium thermometer to monitor the temperature of the water and the basking site. Pet red-eared sliders can live in glass or acrylic aquariums, indoor ponds or outdoor ponds, and even fiberglass kiddie pools. You can improve your luck by examining the turtle first, preferably in the store (or breeder/dealer). And one factor is the rate at which they reproduce. Is it heavy? It’s best not to own a slider if these requirements can’t be met. In terms of the depth of water in the tank, a useful rule of thumb is to make sure that it’s at least as deep as the turtle is long. Until the eggs are laid they will be stored inside the female red eared slider turtle. After turtles are mature, they mate, and the female lay eggs. A good rule of thumb is to offer your slider an amount of pellets that is roughly equal to the size of their head. You can remove some of the algae on your turtle’s shell by scrubbing it periodically with a soft toothbrush and room-temperature water. And this is what they do to protect their eggs. In providing for your red-eared slider, do not underestimate the importance of the basking site. Regardless of the source, it’s always a good idea to do some research before purchasing your turtle. (By the way, it’s wise to assume that your child will not be doing this by themselves.).